Women constitute the majority of the population in most African countries; usually more than 51 %. They are the pillar of the family unit by ensuring the daily management of the family. They play a key role in the socio-economic development of our nations. According to recent estimates, “African women constitute nearly 70 percent of the agricultural strength of the continent and produce 90 per cent of all foodstuffs. ”
Since the International Conference on Population and Development of 1994 and the Beijing Conference in September 1995, the initiatives aimed at strengthening the power of the woman have multiplied.
Governments have made significant commitments to the advancement of women through the Millennium Development Goals at midpoint whose one door on the equality and gender equity.
In Africa, despite the power of decision being very limited among women due to socio-cultural and religious reasons, women have been able to assume and assert their leadership in various sectors such as Education, Health , Agriculture, the Environment , Microenterprise, Industry and Trade. They have been able to reach the summits of the pyramid of employment at the national, regional and international levels in various international organizations including the United Nations system. They have succeeded by their dynamism and their commitment to invest in well-organized structures in the support of population issues and development in the fight against poverty , HIV/AIDS, poor reproductive health and lack of access family planning
Girls have been able to access higher education and embrace scientific careers even if the registered rates are still inadequate.
THE FIGHT FOR GENDER EQUALITY
The United Nations Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) is a global platform for the exchange of ideas and experience on all matters relating to the woman to its economic and social status to its environment a global platform to search for solutions and alternatives for the emergence of women free and responsible self able to decide freely and to take their destiny in hand for the emergence of women leaders that can bring the plea in the highest decision-making bodies.
The International Day of women initiated in 1911 honored the mother of humanity and celebrated the social, political and economic achievements in favor of the latter. This day filled with symbols is in itself a success story. Each year, such diverse topics on the status and rights of women are developed across the world.
In Senegal, Act No. 2010-11, brought into effect on 28 May 2010 establishes the absolute parity of men and women in all institutions. This legislative provision strengthens the power of the woman and her political status and socio-economic. A strong mobilization of women, especially of civil society has contributed to this process.
This bill will allow the emergence of women leaders in Senegal from a “genuine citizenship women.” Senegal should inspire the other African countries in this democratic approach to good governance in favor of women.
Fatimata Deme is the Executive Director of the Forum of African and Arab Parliamentarians on Population and Development (FAAPPD)a Member of the Network of Women Leaders of Africa for Reproductive Health and Family Planning (AWLN) and Chailadyr of the Network of Senegalese women for the Promotion of Family Planning (RFESPF).